A c-reactive protein test measures the level of c-reactive protein (CRP) in a sample of your blood.
Chronic inflammation can also happen if your tissues are repeatedly injured or irritated, for example from smoking or chemicals in the environment.
A CRP test can show whether you have inflammation in your body and how much. High levels of CRP may mean you have a serious health condition that causes inflammation.
Inflammation is your body's way of protecting your tissues and helping them heal from an injury, infection, or other disease. For example, if you cut your skin, it may turn red, swell, and hurt for a few days. This is called chronic (long-term) inflammation. This type of inflammation is usually helpful. Chronic infections, certain autoimmune disorders, and other diseases can cause harmful chronic inflammation. Those are signs of inflammation. Your liver releases more CRP into your bloodstream if you have inflammation in your body. CRP is a protein that your liver makes. Inflammation can be acute (sudden) and temporary. But the test can't show what's causing the inflammation or which part of your body is inflamed.Normally, you have low levels of c-reactive protein in your blood. Inflammation can also happen inside your body.
If inflammation lasts too long, it can damage healthy tissues.
This test measures different parts of your blood, including red and white blood cells, platelets, and hemoglobin. Blood tests are also used to:
Help diagnose certain diseases and conditions
Monitor a chronic disease or condition, such as diabetes or high cholesterol
Find out if treatment for a disease is working
Check how well your organs are working. This is a group of tests that measure certain chemicals in your blood, including glucose, calcium, and electrolytes.
Blood enzyme tests. A CBC is often included as part of a regular checkup.
Basic metabolic panel. Your organs include your liver, kidneys, heart, and thyroid.
Help diagnose bleeding or clotting disorders
Find out if your immune system is having trouble fighting infections
What are the different types of blood tests?
There are many different types of blood tests. Some of the most common types are troponin and creatine kinase tests. Blood tests are used to measure or examine cells, chemicals, proteins, or other substances in the blood. Enzymes are substances that control chemical reactions in your body. Common ones include:
Complete blood count (CBC). These include cholesterol tests and a triglyceride test.
Blood clotting tests, also known as a coagulation panel. These tests can show if you have a disorder that causes too much bleeding or too much clotting.Blood work is often included as part of a regular checkup. These tests are used to find out if you've had a heart attack and/or if your heart muscle is damaged.
Blood tests to check for heart disease. Blood testing, also known as blood work, is one of the most common types of lab tests. There are many types of blood enzyme tests.