Meningitis

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Meningitis is a bacterial infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges). The most common causes of meningitis are viral infections that usually get better without treatment. However, bacterial meningitis infections are extremely serious, and may result in death or brain damage, even if treated. Meningitis may also be caused by: Chemical irritation; Drug allergies; Fungi; Parasites; Tumors; Most viral meningitis is due to enteroviruses, which are viruses that also can cause intestinal illness. Infants, immunocompromised patients, and those infected with herpes viruses or arboviruses are more likely to have complications. It is important to distinguish viral meningitis from bacterial meningitis, which is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and requires urgent treatment. Early diagnosis of viral meningitis may allow antibiotics to be stopped and patients to be discharged from the hospital. Bacterial meningitis is a rare but serious inflammation of the meninges caused by various bacteria. Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), and Neisseria meningitidis are the predominant causative pathogens, in both adults and children. Most commonly affects extremes of age (<5 years and >60 years) because of impaired or waning immunity.

Symptoms:

Laboratory Test Procedures:

fever
headache
pain in neck
nausea
vomiting
confusion
concentration difficulties
seizures
sleepiness
sensitivity to light
skin rash

Fungal Culture (Abscess/Tissue/Fluid)
Fungal Culture (Skin/Hair/Nails)
Herpes NAAT
Respiratory (Sputum) Culture
Urine Culture
Blood Culture
WBC
Neutrophil %
Neutrophil Absolute
Bicarbonate (CO2)
Medical Tests Analyzer provides with more lab test procedures...

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All information on this page is intended for your general knowledge only and does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See Additional Information

Copyright © 2017 SmrtX Last updated: Friday, January 6th, 2017