Endocarditis

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Endocarditis is an inflammation of heart's inner lining. The most common type, bacterial endocarditis, occurs when germs enter the heart. These germs come through the bloodstream from another part of the body, often from mouth. Bacterial endocarditis can damage heart's valves. If untreated, it can be life-threatening. It is rare in healthy hearts. Risk factors include having: An abnormal or damaged heart valve; A severe case of mitral valve prolapse; An artificial heart valve; Certain heart defects; If there is a high risk of bacterial endocarditis, a doctor might prescribe antibiotics before dental work and certain types of surgery. Presentation is often nonspecific and most commonly includes fever. Historical sources of bacteremia should be considered, such as indwelling vascular catheters, recent dental work, and intravenous drug use. Symptoms are often subtle and exam is often unrevealing, but may demonstrate cardiac murmur, peripheral emboli, Osler nodes, Roth spots, and Janeway lesions. Three sets of blood cultures should be obtained prior to initiation of antibiotic therapy. An echocardiogram should be obtained in all suspected cases.

Symptoms:

Laboratory Test Procedures:

pyuria
blood in urine
protein in the urine
dark urine
red urine
chills
sweating
easy fatigue
fatigue
joint aches
muscle aches
brittle nails
blood underneath the nail
pale skin
wheezing or coughing after exercise
weight loss
feet swelling
abdomen swelling
ankles swelling
red, painless skin spots on the palms and soles
red, painful nodes in the pads of the fingers and toes

Rheumatoid Factor, titers
ESR - Sed Rate
Hemoglobin
Hematocrit
RBC
Neutrophil %
Neutrophil Absolute
WBC
Lymphocyte %
Lymphocyte Absolute
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All information on this page is intended for your general knowledge only and does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. See Additional Information

Copyright © 2017 SmrtX Last updated: Friday, January 6th, 2017